(2) If the casualty can function, direct him to return fire, move to cover, and
(3) If the casualty is unable to return fire or move to safety and you cannot
assist him, tell the casualty to "play dead."
c. When the combat situation allows you to safely assist the casualty:
Approach the casualty by the safest route.
(2) Form a general impression as you approach the casualty (extent of
injuries, chance of survival, and so forth).
(3) If you decide to move the casualty (and yourself) to a safer location, take
the casualty's weapon and other mission-essential equipment with you.
CHECKING THE CASUALTY FOR RESPONSIVENESS
a. To check the casualty for responsiveness:
(1) Ask in a loud, but calm, voice: "Are you okay?" Gently shake or tap the
casualty on the shoulder.
(2) Determine level of consciousness by using AVPU (A = Alert;
V = responds to Voice; P = responds to Pain; U = Unresponsive). See paragraph 1-4c
of Lesson 1 for additional information.
If the casualty is alert or responds to voice, do not check the casualty's
response to pain.
To check a casualty's response to pain, rub his breastbone briskly with a
knuckle or squeeze his first.
b. If the casualty is conscious, ask where it hurts or where his body feels
different than usual. This helps to determine the level of responsiveness and provides
you with information that can be used when treating the casualty.
c. If the casualty is unconscious, position the casualty and open his airway
(Lesson 3). Opening his airway may result in the casualty's level of consciousness