Section I described the application of the field dressing and the pressure
dressing. There are two other items that you should know how to apply--the emergency
trauma bandage and the chitosan bandage.
a. The emergency trauma bandage (also known as the emergency trauma
dressing, the Israeli bandage, and the Israeli pressure dressing) applies additional,
continuous pressure to the wound. It is replacing the field first aid dressing in the
soldier's individual first aid kit. Each soldier should have an emergency bandage in his
individual first aid kit. You have two emergency bandages in your combat lifesaver aid
b. The chitosan dressing (also called the hemostatic bandage and the chitosan
bandage) uses a chemical to help stop the bleed. You have one in your combat
lifesaver aid bag. There are no chitosan dressings in the soldier's individual first aid kit.
5-17. EMERGENCY TRAUMA BANDAGE
The emergency trauma bandage can be used on any bleeding wound. It can be
used both as a field dressing and as a pressure dressing. Follow the procedures below
when applying the emergency bandage to a wound on the casualty's extremity.
a Remove the bandage from the pouch (figure 5-23 A).
b. Place the pad (dressing) on the wound.
c. Wrap the elastic bandage around the wounded extremity (figure 5-23 B).
d. Insert the elastic bandage completely into the pressure bar (figure 5-23 C).
e. Pull the elastic bandage back over the top of the pressure bar, forcing the bar
down onto the pad (figure 5-23 D).
f. Wrap the elastic bandage tightly over the pressure bar.
g. Continue to wrap the elastic bandage around the limb so that all edges of the
pad are covered (figure 5-23 E).
h. Secure the hooking end of the closing bar into the elastic bandage (figure
5-23 F). The bandage is now secure.
i. Figure 5-24 shows the emergency trauma bandage applied to some other