of his head if he is sitting. Elevating the injured limb and applying manual pressure
should be done at the same time when no fracture is involved.
APPLYING PRESSURE TO PRESSURE POINTS
Applying digital pressure to "pressure points" is another method of controlling
bleeding. This method uses pressure from the fingers, thumbs, the heel of the hand, or
the knee to press at the site (point) where a main artery supplying the wounded area
lies near the skin surface or over bone (see figure 5-4). This pressure can reduce the
flow of blood from the heart to the wound. It is used in combination with pressure and
elevation. Two pressure points are discussed below.
a. Arm (Brachial Artery). Digital pressure is used to control severe bleeding of
the lower part of the arm.
(1) The pressure point is located above the elbow on the inside of the arm in
the groove between the muscles.
Using your fingers or thumb, apply pressure to the inside of the arm over
b. Groin (Femoral Artery). Digital pressure is used to control severe bleeding
of the thigh and lower leg.
The pressure point is located on the front, center part of the crease in
(2) Using the heel of your hand or your knee, apply pressure to press the
artery against the bone. Lean forward to apply pressure.