EMPLOYEE: A civilian employed by any Federal activity who is paid from either appropriated or non
appropriated funds, except aliens employed by the government outside the United States and employees
of the Army and Air Force Exchange Service or Navy Retail System.
ENCOURAGING: Being friendly, warm, and responsive to others; indicating by facial expression or
remark the acceptance of others' contributions.
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY PROGRAM (EEOP): A program designed to insure Equal
Employment Opportunity for all civilian employees and applicants for employment. Objectives of the
program include the development and utilization of the maximum talents and skills of all personnel
regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age or national origin.
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY: Equal Opportunity as used in pop Directive 1100.15 means equal
consideration and treatment based upon merit, fitness and capability.
ESKIMO: In 1934, "Eskimos" were officially designated as "Indians" in US law and any acts of
Congress. Section 2 of the act of April 16, 934, granted fishing rights to "Native Indians." These were
defined as "members of the aboriginal races inhabiting Alaska annexed to the US and their descendants
of the whole or half-blood." The term among the natives for Eskimo" is "Innupiat," meaning "the real
ETHNIC GROUP: A group which is socially distinguished or set apart by others and/or by itself
primarily on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics. (Feaqin)
ETHNOCENTRISM: Culturally induced behavior which develops a standard for a given group (usually
national or ethnic) which is used or applied as a criterion for judging all other groups.
EXECUTIVE ORDER 9066: The order of February 19, 1942, providing for evacuation of Japanese-
Americans (anyone of 1/8 or more Japanese blood) for many areas of the West to relocation camps.
EXPERT POWER: Expert power is power based on knowledge and skill. Expert power is based on the
perception that an individual knows more about a given subject or can perform a task better than the