INTROJECTED VALUES: Values not spontaneous to the individual; usually given to the individual by
parents, peer groups, or society in general.
ISOLATE DISCRIMINATION: Harmful action taken intentionally by an individual member of a
dominant against members of a subordinate group without that action being embedded in a large
organizational or community context. (Feagin)
JAP: An expression of derogation in common usage in World War II - even today.
JAPANESE-AMERICAN CITIZEN'S LEAGUE (JACL):
A Nisei-Sansei organization which
represents the Japanese-American minority and which is basically assimilationist in its stance.
KOSHER: A term identifying food or beverages which are both (1) permitted and (2) properly prepared
in accordance with the dietary laws of observant Jews. (Based on Handlin)
LANGUAGE: A system of arbitrary symbols determined, agreed upon and experientially reinforced to
generate understanding among members in a community.
LEADERSHIP: The process of influencing the activities of an individual or a group in efforts toward
goal achievement in a given situation.
LEGITIMATE POWER: Legitimate power is based upon the definition of rights and privileges that
adhere to persons because of the role they fulfill.
MAINTENANCE FUNCTIONS: Leader activities to insure a group's good working order, a good
climate for work, and relationships that permit maximum use of member resources.
MIDDLE AMERICANS: The sociological group is comprised of mostly whites who are conservative
in political philosophy and adhere strongly to the work ethic. These people also comprise the majority
of "mainstream" society, that is, they are typically American in attitudes and social norms. This group
fills most of the military power structure and are the ones that most EO personnel will have to work with
in their staff role. This is also the group from which most white stereotypes (Archie Bunker, etc.) are
derived. The Middle Americans are mostly descendants of white ethnic immigrants.
MIDDLE CLASS AMERICANS: This group is economically defined as compared to attitudinal based
definition of Middle Americans. People within this group may be either conservative or