PROJECTION: Attributing traits to others which are unacceptable in oneself.
PRO-RACISM: A term used by whites to describe behavior by a minority that accommodates white
racism by re-enforcing and encouraging it rather than questioning, checking, or opposing
PRO-RACIST BEHAVIOR: Minority group or individual behavior that supports or acts out racist
behaviors toward others. In America minorities have no power or authority to enforce their behaviors
(actions). "Also, strategies used by minority members and females to survive in a majority male (white
male) dominated and managed society.
PRO-SEXISM: Female group or individual behavior that accommodates males sexist behavior by re-
enforcing and encouraging it rather than questioning, checking for opposing it. "Also, strategies used by
minority members and females to survive in a majority male (white male) dominated and managed
PRO-SEXIST BEHAVIOR: Female group behavior that supports or acts out sexist behaviors toward
others. In America females have no power or authority to enforce their behaviors (actions).
PROTECTIVE INTERVENTION: Providing guidance to individual members when "exposure"
becomes apparent and provide group with information about "exposure" with a group.
PROTESTANT WORK ETHIC: Basic to this Anglo-Protestant value is the idea of work as the duty of
every person. Originally, the idea was that to work hard is to glorify God. The theme was advocacy of
hard work and abstinence from personal pleasures; hard work was good in itself. Continuous work was
seen as a major defense against the sinful temptations of the flesh. The primary objective of work was
to glorify God. Idleness was regarded as a sin. (Based on Feagin)
PROXIMICS: The study of interactive space and territory.
PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIERS: Those factors contained within the sender or receiver which can lead
to feelings of anxiety, frustration, threat, insecurity, etc., thus causing distortion of the communication.