Besides national and international sources, there are other sources of weather
conditions within the AO. These sources, both Air Force and Army, acquire weather
data from locations throughout the area of interest. These data range from
intermittent measurements of a few elements to detailed observations of many
environmental elements, taken on a regular schedule by trained weather observers.
The latter data contribute most significantly to the data base from which tactical
weather products are derived.
The primary source of weather and meteorological information are the USAF AWS
weather teams (WETMs), which support the Army commanders and the artillery
meteorological sections. These are full-time organizations. The staff
intelligence office (G2/S2), in close cooperation with the USAF weather team SWO,
is the key to the success or failure of properly integrating weather information
into mission and operational data.
To establish a better appreciation of the effects of weather on tactical
operations, it is necessary to determine how these factors influence the
operations. In general, 40 environmental factors affect tactical operations as
shown in Table 3-2.
Table 3-2. Effects of Weather on Tactical Operations.