The final step in determining templates needed is to compare them with templates
already on hand. The resulting list of needed templates is requested, or if not
available, prepared by the ASPS.
To conserve manpower and standardize the perception of the threat, templates needed
by several units are centrally developed at corps and distributed to division.
These templates are compared with the threat data base for accuracy. The data base
is then used to prepare the required templates.
The first step in preparing the required templates is to identify the doctrinal
composition and organization for each echelon and type of organization to be
Information on the composition of enemy units is extracted from the data base. As
in our Army, enemy forces have standard types of organizations assigned to each
echelon. For example, motorized rifle divisions (MRDs) are composed of motorized
rifle, tank, signal, artillery, and other types of units. However, each MRD may
vary somewhat from doctrinal composition depending on its mission and AO.
In determining the composition to be used for the doctrinal template, the all-
source production section (ASPS) identifies the doctrinal composition and how each
unit varies from doctrine. In preparing the template, the most accurate portrayal
of units is used.
The next step is to identify the organization. For each type of unit, a doctrinal
organization exists. The components of a unit are put together in patterns
representing a basic method for organizing a division. Most units will vary
according to their mission.
Once the organization and composition have been determined, deployment of
subordinate units is evaluated. This process begins with the doctrinal approach.
What is the doctrinal pattern for an MRD in the attack? How much spacing is there
between echelons? What are the doctrinal rates of movement? What frontages and
depths can we expect to see? These and similar questions can be answered by
As with other doctrinal considerations, patterns are modified based on the actual
deployment of units. The enemy unit's history, training, and key personalities are
assessed to determine how the unit operates differently from doctrine.
History provides a record of how the unit has been deployed with its current
composition, organization, and commander. During peacetime, this record is based
on observation of the unit during field exercises and is available from national
agencies. During wartime, this record is taken from the data bases of friendly
units who have fought the enemy unit. Key personalities give other clues as to how
a unit will deploy. This is