Attack profiles play a key role in situation templating, as all airspace analysis
is basically situational in nature. Employment of a certain attack profile will
depend on the avenue of approach, the terrain, the enemy air defense posture and
capabilities, the fuel and ordnance loads required, the distance to the target, and
the aircraft mission. Figure 7-14 is an example of an air threat (rotary-wing).
Figure 7-14. Air threat (rotary-wing).
Event templates for air-associated operation areas are based on situation
templates. Event templates for air defense operations are developed like other
event templates. However, the NAIs are based on the terrain constraints on
aircraft approach routes to potential targets, and an analysis of the enemy's
attack profiles. In areas where few terrain constraints exist, route and area NAIs
are extensively employed to help determine the best locations for long-range
surveillance and target acquisition radars. NAI placement for other air-associated
operations is based on terrain masking of radars and weapons terrain, the most
direct route to the potential target, the degree of OPSEC required, and the
requirement for early acquisition of the target by the aircraft. Event templates
for deployed airborne and air assault forces are prepared in the same manner as for
other ground operations. Figure 7-15 is an example of an air event template.