(1) Post or base headquarters buildings, however, do have military
characteristics. The headquarters building is usually located in the central or most
prominent section of a military installation, frequently facing a parade ground. If the
headquarters consists of more than one building, the main building usually has a flagpole
on top or nearby. There are normally roads leading to the front of the headquarters
building with parking facilities in the vicinity.
(2) The distinguishable feature of housekeeping is particularly evident. At a
large installation the headquarters may occupy the largest building or a number of
multistoried and multiwinged buildings. A small installation, however, may use barracks-
type buildings and you usually need ground information to determine which barracks is
the headquarters building (Figure 2-6).
2. Tactical facilities include tactical operation centers (TOC), command posts (CP),
bivouacs, camps, etc.
a. TOC/CP (Figure 2-7). In a tactical situation a division or corps area is divided
into a forward and a rear area. There are command and control elements in the forward
area in addition to combat and combat support units. In the rear are the combat service
support units and facilities providing the ammunition, POL, food, maintenance/repair, and
manpower required at the front lines. The command and control elements in the forward
area are organized into TOCs (CTOC for corps and DTOC for division) and CPs for brigade
and lower echelon units. These TOCs are further organized in the main and the tactical
TOCs/CPs. The service support functions in the rear area are controlled by the
division/corps support command (DISCOM/COSCOM).
(1) Main TOC is generally located behind the line of contact/line of departure
(LC/LD) out of enemy artillery range. It contains the majority of the staff and headquarters
personnel involved in conducting operations (Figure 2-7).
(2) Tactical TOC is a small element located very near the forward line of own
troops (FLOT). From the TOC, the commander and certain staff members direct combat
operations. The TOC moves frequently during a 24-hour period to avoid detection. The
CPs of units smaller than division are usually not split into main and tactical elements.