Part G: Sensitive Defense Information
The information which must be protected from unauthorized exploitation (unauthorized disclosure,
modification, or destruction) includes both classified information and unclassified-sensitive
information. The following are the types of information which the Army considers to be Sensitive
Classified information: In accordance with AR 380-5, classified information is official information
which requires protection in the interest of national security and which has been so designated in
accordance with Executive Order (EO) 12356. Classified defense information is classified TOP
SECRET, or CONFIDENTIAL
Information subject to the Privacy Act of 1974: The Privacy Act of 1974 requires protection of
systems of records by prohibiting unauthorized access to records containing unclassified personal
data. AR 340-21, The Army Privacy Act Program, implements the Privacy Act in the Army and defines
"personal data." Your Social Security Account Number (SSAN) is considered to be "personal data"
and any form or record which contains your SSAN will be protected.
For Official Use Only information: This is unclassified official information of a sensitive nature
which must be protected against unauthorized public release. FOUO information is defined in AR
340- 17. An unclassified examination will be marked FOUO because even though it is unclassified, it
requires protection from unauthorized disclosure.
Logistical and financial data: This data includes any unclassified information relating to the
accounting and control of Army assets and resources. This "economically valuable data" is subject
to theft, fraud, misappropriation, and misuse. Computer-related crime is big business; perhaps as
high as billion per year Included in this category is information relating to the control, accounting,
and disbursement of Army assets and resources, including:
Funds: Funds are money, like pay and allowances.
Supplies: Supplies are things like paper, pencils, gasoline, and ammunition that the Army uses
to do its job.
Material: Material includes buildings, weapons, vehicles, communications equipment, and other
How can data be valuable? The Joint Uniform Military Pay System (JUMPS) computer keeps track of
your paycheck. The computer is not actually handling money, but rather data relating to the
accounting of that money. If you could break into the JUMPS computer and have it issue you a few
extra paychecks, you could make yourself rich. Then, so you won't get caught, you delete the
records of those extra paychecks. The auditors will see that money is missing, but won't be able to
figure out why.
U.S. Army intelligence activities: Although most information which concerns U.S. Army
intelligence activities is classified, there is some that is unclassified. Anything dealing with
intelligence activities which is not classified or FOUO, must still be considered to be sensitive and
must be protected. One example is Field Manual (FM) 34-60, Counterintelligence. This FM is