These new developments were created to fight on a more lethal battlefield.
Because of this, the Army was organized under the H-series TOE. This series
was designed to restrain growth and provide enlargements at various levels
By the mid-1970s, the Army structure (H-series TOE) was doing its best to
use new technology.
The October 1973 Yom Kippur War magnified the
importance of technology and the lethality of weapons.
This, paired with
the outcome of tactical scenarios, caused the Army to reconsider its
structure. In 1976, the Division Restructuring study emerged. Later, the
Division Restructuring Evaluation emerged.
Both of these resulted in the
establishment of Division 1986 Structure and Heavy Division Concept for
Organization. The basic notion of Division 86 was for tactical units to be
able to attack the second-echelon forces of the threat. Division 86 further
addressed Army units fighting the deep battle as well as second-echelon
forces. The J-series TOE was the structure for the Army that would fight
the second echelon and deep battle.
As we approached the late 1970s, Army doctrine evolved and
emphasized fighting all dimensions of an extended battlefield.
concept began to take shape around 1980.
The AirLand Battle doctrine
evolved causing a relook at the structure of Division 86. In order for the
heavy division had grown to an unmanageable size of approximately 20,000 in
strength. Therefore, by February 1981, the Army set about restructuring to
curtail the J-series TOE.
It was clear to our planners that our force
structure was again becoming unaffordable.
Hence, the new J-series was
designed to scrub the heavy division down to 18,000. The basis for the new
J-series TOE was the force modernization plan. This plan allowed for both
old and new equipment which facilitated our Army in transition.
Today's Army of Excellence reflects the L-series TOE.
type of equipment used includes the H (Current), J (Final J), and L (Living
L). Divisional units reflect the following TOEs:
Additional new J- and L-series combat, combat support, and combat service
support units have been added to the organization of Division, Corps, and
the Communications Zone (COMMZ) to support and complement AirLand Battle
doctrinal objectives. These objectives are outlined in FM 100-5 Operations.
under the L-series TOE.
Specific changes and doctrinal concepts will be
discussed later in this lesson.
The L-series TOE supports flexibility,