Sudden increase in communication and electronic activities. Enemy nuclear delivery units
are heavily equipped with radios and electronic devices.
Movement of small, heavily guarded convoys, including closed vans, with a high
percentage of automatic weapons. Nuclear warheads may be moved by helicopters, with
guards and armed helicopters as escort. Tactical aircraft may provide air cover.
Movement of pole trailers with rockets or missile bodies. Pole trailers are used to resupply
missile and rocket units.
Presence of heavy artillery. 203-MM Howitzer, 310-MM gun SP and 400-MM mortar SP have
nuclear delivery capabilities.
Identification of tall slender objects, such as towers, chimneys, or narrow trees, not
previously in the area. Ballistic missiles may be camouflaged as towers, chimneys, or narrow
trees, such as poplars.
Large, well-guarded complexes, including tank trucks, radar, electronic equipment,
generators, and maintenance tents, located well to the rear
. Surface-to-surface missile
units require extensive ground handling equipment.
Heavily guarded closed vans. Nuclear warheads normally are carried in closed vans that are
Evacuation or exclusion of civilians from specific areas suitable for nuclear storage or
delivery sites. For security, civilians may be evacuated from areas selected for nuclear
storage or delivery sites.
The impending use of nuclear weapons can be suspected, if enemy activity listed below and on the
following page is observed.
Location of missile and free rocket units within striking range. Missile and free rocket units
are located within one-third maximum range from the line of contact on the offense, and one-
half on the defense.
Use of missiles and free rockets with high-explosive warheads. Missiles or free rockets
may be used to deliver high-explosive warheads either in a normal support role or a registration.