Personnel must always secure such objects as radios, generators,
tools, and gas cans to minimize the danger of casualties from flying
debris caused by the blast wave.
Units should disperse unit supplies, particularly explosives and
flammables, within the unit area and protect or shield them.
Personnel must keep debris to a minimum and not allow it to collect
where it would create a fire hazard. Units should secure their food
and water supplies in sealed containers.
Preparation of Electronic Equipment for Electromagnetic
Personnel should turn off or disconnect from the power source any
They should also remove antennas and disconnect cables from the
c. Actions During and After a Nuclear Attack.
Units should follow the same procedures during and after the attack
that they follow for an attack that occurs without warning. Personnel
perform self-aid and first-aid measures, prepare for fallout, and
continue the mission as directed.
Recognition of a Chemical or Biological Attack.
U.S. policy prohibits the first use of chemical weapons and any use of
biological weapons. It is likely that the first use by Threat Forces
will be a surprise attack; therefore, it is imperative that US Forces
know how to recognize an attack, be alert for conditions that favor an
attack, know how to defend themselves in an attack, and be able to
Recognizing symptoms of chemical or biological agents and the weapons
used to disseminate them will enable you to recognize if an attack has
occurred. Knowing the weather conditions that favor an attack will
help you to be alert, too.
a. Conditions Favoring the Use of Agents.
Sunlight can destroy biological agents. Thus, an attack is most
likely to occur between one hour before sunset and one hour after
sunrise. Cloudy or foggy days may also favor the employment of
biological agents. Winds that carry the agents over a wide area also
favor employment of these agents.
The most favorable condition for chemical agent vapors or aerosols is
an inversion condition that keeps the agent concentrated in an area.
An inversion is a stable air condition in which air temperature
increases as the air rises. This kind of