o How did the terrain influence both direct and indirect fire weapons?
o What effect did these limiting factors have on the way the battle was fought?
(b) Concealment and cover.
o What concealment and cover were available in the battle area for both forces?
o Did the availability of concealment and cover influence the opposing commanders' plans of action?
o What were the obstacles (man-made and natural) that could impede the movement of military forces?
o How did the presence of obstacles influence the way the battle was fought?
o Which side benefitted from the presence of these obstacles?
(d) Key terrain.
What was the key terrain in the area of operations?
What potential influence did the key terrain have on the plan of operations of the opposing sides?
Did the key terrain provide an advantage to one side or the other?
How did each level of command of the opposing forces view the selection of key terrain?
How did the opposing forces use the key terrain in the assignment of missions?
(e) Avenues of approach.
o What were the best avenues of approach for the attacking force?
o Was the avenue(s) of approach selected for the attacking force big enough to accommodate the
o Did the avenues of approach meet the following criteria:
--favorable observation and fire for the force moving on the avenue of approach
--favorable concealment and cover
--utilization of key terrain
--adequate maneuver space
--ease of movement