LAW OF WAR OUTLINE
The topics and order of this outline match the topics and order of presentation of the main chapter
Customary International Law
Geneva Conventions of 1949
Geneva Protocols I and II of 1977
II. THE PRINCIPLES
Military Necessity: targeting not prohibited by LOW and of a military advantage. Military Objective: persons,
places, or objects that make an effective contribution to military action.
Humanity or Unnecessary Suffering: minimize unnecessary suffering - incidental injury to people and
collateral damage to property.
Proportionality: loss of life and damage to property incidental to attacks must not be excessive in relation to
the concrete and direct military advantage expected to be gained.
Discrimination or Distinction: Discriminate or distinguish between combatants and non-combatants; military
objectives and protected people/protected places.
Lawful Combatants: Geneva Convention Definition
Under Responsible Command
Distinctive Emblem Recognizable at a Distance
Carry Arms Openly
Abide by the Laws of War
Geneva Protocol I, Article 44 - Carry Arms Openly In the Attack
Chapter 2, Appendix A
Law of War