PART C - IPB PROCESS
The IPB effort begins with the Battlefield Area Evaluation, function 1, to include
areas of operations and interest. During this function, dimensions of the areas of
operations and interest are defined. Weather and terrain requirements are
identified and information acquired.
Terrain Analysis, function 2, plays an important role in a combat force's ability
to move, shoot, and communicate. During this function, the military aspects of
terrain, commonly referred to as OCOKA factors, are analyzed to determine their
effects on friendly and enemy capabilities, vulnerabilities, and courses of action.
During function 3, Weather Analysis, the climate and weather are analyzed to
determine their effects on friendly and enemy operations. The weather effects
overlay is produced and developed during this function.
Function 4 of the IPB process is Threat Evaluation, where enemy forces, doctrine,
training, equipment and capabilities are analyzed.
Function 5, Threat Integration, combines threat evaluation, weather and terrain
with the friendly mission to help determine the enemy's probable course of action.
Threat doctrine is applied relative to the constraints imposed by weather and
terrain to determine how threat forces might actually fight. During this function,
the situation, event, and decision support templates are developed and used to make
decisions about combined arms operations and IEW support activities.
PART D - TEMPLATES
IPB is depicted through the use of templates and overlays. A template is a graphic
representation of force structure, deployment, or capabilities, drawn to scale.
Templates provide the commander with a means of seeing the battlefield and assists
in his allocating of resources. They are used to integrate what we know about the
enemy with a specific weather and terrain picture. Templates are used to visualize
enemy capabilities, predict likely courses of action, and for continuous
identification of enemy vulnerabilities. Multiple overlays permit rapid
integration of effects on the area of interest, making it possible to immediately
identify obstacles and avenues of approach. Figure 1-2 describes the four
principal types of templates, their uses, their differences, and preparation times,
developed during the IP8 process.
In addition to templates and overlays, the IPB process uses several analytical
matrices. Matrices are used to compare and determine which templates or overlays
should be produced. The events analysis matrix assists in the analysis of high
valve targets (HVTs).