Intelligence is not found, it is developed. Analysts develop intelligence by evaluating,
assessing, integrating, and interpreting information.
PART A: RECORDING INFORMATION
1. Journal. Information coming into the intelligence section must be readily
identifiable and available for use by the analyst. Recording this information in a type of
log aides in quickly determining which piece of information is needed for analysis. The
Intelligence Journal is an official, permanent, chronological record of reports and
messages that have been received. The journal is maintained on DA Form 1594, Daily
Staff Journal or Duty Officer's Log. By recording essential information in the journal,
the analyst need not go through a pile of reports to find the one he needs. He simply
scans the journal entries and it will reference him to the appropriate report or message.
These reports/messages are maintained in a journal file, by journal entry number for
quick access. Once the report/message has been logged into the journal, it is then given
2. Situation map (SITMAP). One of the methods of integrating information for
analysis is the use of the SITMAP. The SITMAP provides a graphic representation of the
battlefield. The analyst posts all practical and pertinent information on the SITMAP
using the operational symbology in FM 101-5-1. By comparing the SITMAP with other
references and doctrine, the analyst is capable of determining the enemy's most probable
courses of action in terms of what, when, where, and in what strength.
3. OB files. In addition to the situation map, the analyst must have specialized data
bases for information. These data bases are OB files. The analyst uses these files to
assist in organizing and cataloging OB information. OB files must facilitate easy
reference and comparison of information collected at various times from different
sources. The type of OB files used depends on the echelon of command and the local
situation. Some common OB files are the unit workbook, OB workbook, OB card file,
personality file, and strength file. Examples and instructions for each of these files may
be found in FM 34-3.
4. Automated support systems. The US Army Forces Command (FORSCOM)
currently has a system deployed specifically to support tactical all-source intelligence
analysis. The FORSCOM Automated Intelligence Support System (FAISS) and the All
Source Analysis System (ASAS) are currently being fielded. These systems will enhance
the analyst's ability to manipulate large quantities of unprocessed or partially processed
data. Historical enemy locations, enemy strengths of personnel and equipment, unit
designations, and specific enemy equipment capabilities and limitations can be accessed
from previously stored data base information.