The two primary features of a military installation are uniformity and pattern. The
other six features are not as obvious, but are usually present.
2. Military installations in all parts of the world have some or all of the basic
identification features. However, factors such as military requirements, climate, terrain,
availability of construction materials, and local customs and habits cause variations in
a. Pattern is a primary feature. Some obvious geometric pattern is usually evident
at all military installations. Barracks and tents in all armies are usually laid out in a
pattern. In forward areas, however, the tactical situation or terrain may make this
impractical. At a training installation, barracks are usually aligned in rows with the
headquarters in a central position. This situation also frequently exists at permanent
b. Uniformity. The second primary characteristic of a military installation is
uniformity. Most military installations have areas which exhibit a uniformity in size and
shape of components. Uniformity is an outstanding feature of permanent supply depots
and military posts. Because most buildings of a military installation are constructed of
similar material, they usually have the same tone on imagery.
Nonmilitary installations also exhibit pattern and uniformity, but usually not as
clearly as a military installation. A city or town may be laid out in a regular
pattern of blocks formed by intersecting streets, but the buildings in the blocks
do not necessary continue the uniformity of the block pattern.
c. Enclosure. Another identification feature of military installations is an enclosing
element. It is usually present, though sometimes difficult to locate. The installation may
be enclosed with walls, fences, or natural features, such as shorelines. The entrances are
limited and usually guarded by sentries. You may also find areas within the installation
secured with fences. This could include areas of parked vehicles, grouped warehouses,
d. Vehicular activity. The military need for mobility requires more vehicles than a
similar nonmilitary activity. These vehicles are usually trucks and jeep-like carriers, rather
than passenger cars. When the vehicles are not in use, they are ordinarily parked in
dress- right- dress alignment. Careless track activity within and in the vicinity of the
installations is normally present. Cannibalized equipment usually indicates vehicle repair
and maintenance areas.
e. Military housekeeping. A neat appearance, reflecting good housekeeping, is
usually apparent and more extensive on a military installation. Landscaping is often found
around headquarters buildings