(2) On-call EW targets are elements identified during the conduct of an
operation for immediate jamming or collection. These are targets which could
not be predicted before the start of the operation, and whose importance is
identified as the operation progresses.
Once identified, these targets are
immediately tasked for collection, jamming, or destruction.
entities which were not identified as specific preplanned targets.
operator acquires and recognizes them during the conduct of ES or EA
Once these targets are recognized, they become candidates for
jamming or intercept operations.
Normally, categories of targets of
opportunity are preplanned to allow action by operators upon recognition. They
are usually given a lower priority than specific preplanned targets or on-call
missions. Targets of opportunity are commonly used when minimal technical data
is available regarding the frequencies and call signs being used by target
The planning process for EW targets closely parallels that of the more familiar
targeting process. After the targets are identified, the overall EW planning
process starts. Each type of target will be discussed in turn, followed by a
description and examples of some of the results of this effort. (EW estimate,
EW Annex, and EWTL/JS.)
The previously identified staff sections cooperate
closely to plan EW missions. The initial planning process is performed prior
to an operation for development of preplanned targets and identification of
categories of targets of opportunity. The process continues during the actual
conduct of an operation to identify on-call targets.
In addition to the
identification of targets, the EW planning process drives the task organization
of EW assets and initiates requests for EW missions to be performed by higher
3. Preplanning Targets.
a. The process of selecting preplanned EW targets begins with the analysis
of the battlefield situation based on IPB/EPB and current intelligence data.
The ASIS and EWO perform the initial EPB in support of the G2s IPB effort. The
MI Bn TOC expands this effort and correlates the in-depth EPB with technical
data. This determines which previously identified enemy units are susceptible
to EW operations.
EPB examines the association of specific emitters with
identified enemy units. It also checks the radio LOS from these emitters to
potential locations for friendly EW assets. The result of this first step is
the identification of targets which are important to the enemy's operation and
which we can affect with available EW assets. This is the selection of High
Value Targets (HVTs) in the targeting process. This step is performed by the
G2/S2 staffs in close coordination with the EWO and the DISE.
b. The second step in EW preplanning entails development of a strategy for
use of EW in the operation. The G3 or S3, assisted by his EWO, and the FSE
will identify the general focus of EW operations. This includes establishing
priorities for EW operations throughout the AO. Priorities are identified for
each phase of an operation.
An example strategy in an offensive operation
might be to prioritize the countering of the enemy's intelligence and
reconnaissance system during movement to contact. As the main attack begins,
this priority might shift to suppression of enemy air defense (SEAD) and to
countering enemy artillery.
Finally, in the exploitation of success, top
priority could be to disrupt enemy maneuver C2 facilities to prevent his
regaining control of the situation.