Well-prepared troops are those who have trained extensively in
overemphasized that soldiers must train with their MOPP Gear,
including many hours of training in MOPP 4. Soldiers cannot be
expected to fight successfully in full MOPP Gear if they have not
trained with the equipment Infantrymen train extensively with the M16
Rifle to become proficient with its use. Likewise, soldiers must
continually train with MOPP Gear to become more confident of the
equipment and learn how to adjust their way of working. Training in
full MOPP Gear helps soldiers understand the problems they will
encounter when required to fight in MOPP Gear.
What additional protection is available? Any form of available
overhead cover provides additional protection. Depending on the wind
speed and type of cover, the commander can reduce MOPP levels, using
sound judgment. The possibility of a percutaneous (through-the-skin)
hazard still exists, and soldiers should wear as much protection as
mission and resupply capabilities allow.
Time of Day.
late evening and early morning, when stable or neutral temperature
gradients prevail. Under these conditions, agents tend to linger
close to the ground and more horizontally with the wind. During
unstable conditions in the heat of the day, agents rise rapidly. This
rapid rise reduces the time on target and the agent's casualty-
After answering these questions, the commander can decide on the
amount of protection needed to accomplish the mission, continuously
updating and refining the process as the situation changes.
Put On and Wear the Protective Mask and Clothing.
Once the commander has designated a specific MOPP level, each soldier
is responsible for putting on their protective mask and clothing. The
procedure for putting on the protective mask and clothing is described
in detail in the SMCT.
a. Reducing Stress and Fatigue
Clothing and Equipment.
NBC personnel should provide information so that, before the start of
a mission, the commander can designate the MOPP level which
individuals will adopt. The commander may later direct that this
level of protection be increased, decreased, or varied