forces you to lower your frequencies because the layer ionization
levels are less at the poles.
Frequency Planning Table.
The table below is an average for planning the frequencies
to use for certain distances during a maximum or minimum sunspot
We should always use the FOT and not the MUF or LUF.
Fluctuations in the ionization levels of the ionosphere could raise
or lower our frequency beyond the MUF or LUF.
Frequency Planning Guide
Use with single-hop skip distance table for determining
required vertical take-off angle and antenna frequency coverage for
specific path lengths.
Effects of Trees and Bushes on Antennas.
In a wooded or jungle area, the best antenna is a
A vertical antenna's radiation is absorbed by
the vegetation. The denser the vegetation - the more the absorption.
Antennas that are affected are the whip, L, slant, and sloping
antennas. Metal objects also effect vertical antennas.
Planning an HF Vehicular Radio System.
During displacements we must use a whip antenna.
factors can we use to improve and make better this type of