Temperature and humidity affects observation and FofF. High temperatures and
humidity in the tropics contribute to the growth of dense vegetation that restricts
both air and ground observation and limits air defense FofF. Conversely, the high
temperatures and low humidity common in desert areas result in sparse vegetation
which permits extensive observation, provides little concealment, and amplifies air
defense and aircraft FofF. The sparse vegetation creates the requirement for
additional synthetic camouflage for both air defense and aircraft operating in
desert terrain. High desert temperatures decrease aircraft lift potential and
increase aircraft and air defense system maintenance requirements. In certain
schedules, reducing the available support or air defense coverage. Desert
operations also mandate special aircraft lubrication oils and filters.
PART D - THREAT EVALUATION
The threat evaluation phase of airspace analysis consists of a detailed study of
enemy aircraft; cruise missile systems; air-to-surface missiles; long-range
missiles; air defense weapons systems; and airborne, air assault, and small-unit
air insertion aircraft and techniques. It includes a detailed examination of enemy
air forces, air defense units, airborne and air assault units, and SPETSNAZ force
The capability of these elements to operate within the battlefield environment is
thoroughly evaluated. In the case of threat aircraft, air defense, and cruise
missile systems, the evaluation includes an assessment of enemy capabilities
relative to friendly systems.
The following represent some of the areas that must be examined when evaluating
enemy aircraft performance:
* Organization of threat fixed-wing and rotary-wing aviation units (air OB).
* Capabilities of fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft in terms of--
-- Performance (speed, ceilings, airfield restrictions).
-- Ordnance load (maximum weight and types).
-- Navigation capability.
-- Weapons delivery systems.
-- Combat radius.