mobility corridors to determine which are most capable of supporting specific
attack techniques and profiles.
Situation templates for air defense operations are basically ground force templates
and are developed in the same way as other ground force templates. In addition to
the effects of terrain conditions on mobility and doctrinal dispositions, they
focus on specific air avenues of approach and mobility corridors and determine
where aircraft can best use the terrain to mask air defense target acquisition
radars and weapons (oblique LOS). Situation templates for both friendly and enemy
air defense operations are developed in the same manner. Situation templates show
ranges, overlapping coverage areas, and masked areas for all air defense weapons
systems. Notes in template legends should list the maximum and minimum effective
altitudes of the weapons. Figure 7-13 is an example of an air defense situation
Situation templates for the air phase of airborne and air assault operations focus
on the most direct routes to the LZ and DZ. These routes must provide the
approaching airborne force with security and at least some concealment and cover.
Templates for the ground phase are prepared based on the ground employment doctrine
for airborne forces. Situation templates are not prepared for small air insertions
such as SPETSNAZ operations.
Figure 7-13. Example of an air defense situation template.