Figure 5-3. Emergency bandage applied to various injuries.
APPLYING MANUAL PRESSURE AND ELEVATION
Two additional methods of controlling bleeding are to apply additional pressure
over the wound and to elevate the wound.
a. Manual Pressure. If practical, apply direct pressure over the dressing with
your hand. This pressure will help to compress the damaged blood vessels and control
the bleeding. Maintain this pressure for 5 to 10 minutes. If the casualty is conscious
and can follow instructions, you can have him apply the manual pressure himself.
b. Elevating the Limb. Elevating the injured limb above the level of the
casualty's heart to decrease the bleeding. An injured leg can be raised by placing the
foot and ankle on a stable object, such as a pack, log, or rock , such as illustrated in
figure 5-9 G. An injured forearm can be elevated by placing the forearm on the
casualty's chest if he is lying on his back or by having the casualty place his arm on top